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Readings for Holy Saturday

Holy Saturday (Year C)

Readings are from ESV

Collect of the Day

O God, Creator of heaven and earth, grant that as the crucified body of Your dear Son was laid in the tomb and rested on this holy Sabbath, so we may await with Him the coming of the third day, and rise with Him to newness of life, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Psalm 16

Daniel 6:1–24

1It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom 120 satraps, to be throughout the whole kingdom; 2and over them three presidents, of whom Daniel was one, to whom these satraps should give account, so that the king might suffer no loss. 3Then this Daniel became distinguished above all the other presidents and satraps, because an excellent spirit was in him. And the king planned to set him over the whole kingdom. 4Then the presidents and the satraps sought to find a ground for complaint against Daniel with regard to the kingdom, but they could find no ground for complaint or any fault, because he was faithful, and no error or fault was found in him. 5Then these men said, “We shall not find any ground for complaint against this Daniel unless we find it in connection with the law of his God.”

6Then these presidents and satraps came by agreement to the king and said to him, “O King Darius, live forever! 7All the presidents of the kingdom, the prefects and the satraps, the counselors and the governors are agreed that the king should establish an ordinance and enforce an injunction, that whoever makes petition to any god or man for thirty days, except to you, O king, shall be cast into the den of lions. 8Now, O king, establish the injunction and sign the document, so that it cannot be changed, according to the law of the Medes and the Persians, which cannot be revoked.” 9Therefore King Darius signed the document and injunction.

10When Daniel knew that the document had been signed, he went to his house where he had windows in his upper chamber open toward Jerusalem. He got down on his knees three times a day and prayed and gave thanks before his God, as he had done previously. 11Then these men came by agreement and found Daniel making petition and plea before his God. 12Then they came near and said before the king, concerning the injunction, “O king! Did you not sign an injunction, that anyone who makes petition to any god or man within thirty days except to you, O king, shall be cast into the den of lions?” The king answered and said, “The thing stands fast, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which cannot be revoked.” 13Then they answered and said before the king, “Daniel, who is one of the exiles from Judah, pays no attention to you, O king, or the injunction you have signed, but makes his petition three times a day.”

14Then the king, when he heard these words, was much distressed and set his mind to deliver Daniel. And he labored till the sun went down to rescue him. 15Then these men came by agreement to the king and said to the king, “Know, O king, that it is a law of the Medes and Persians that no injunction or ordinance that the king establishes can be changed.”

16Then the king commanded, and Daniel was brought and cast into the den of lions. The king declared to Daniel, “May your God, whom you serve continually, deliver you!” 17And a stone was brought and laid on the mouth of the den, and the king sealed it with his own signet and with the signet of his lords, that nothing might be changed concerning Daniel. 18Then the king went to his palace and spent the night fasting; no diversions were brought to him, and sleep fled from him.

19Then, at break of day, the king arose and went in haste to the den of lions. 20As he came near to the den where Daniel was, he cried out in a tone of anguish. The king declared to Daniel, “O Daniel, servant of the living God, has your God, whom you serve continually, been able to deliver you from the lions?” 21Then Daniel said to the king, “O king, live forever! 22My God sent his angel and shut the lions’ mouths, and they have not harmed me, because I was found blameless before him; and also before you, O king, I have done no harm.” 23Then the king was exceedingly glad, and commanded that Daniel be taken up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no kind of harm was found on him, because he had trusted in his God. 24And the king commanded, and those men who had maliciously accused Daniel were brought and cast into the den of lions—they, their children, and their wives. And before they reached the bottom of the den, the lions overpowered them and broke all their bones in pieces.

1 Peter 4:1–8

1Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, 2so as to live for the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human passions but for the will of God. 3The time that is past suffices for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry. 4With respect to this they are surprised when you do not join them in the same flood of debauchery, and they malign you; 5but they will give account to him who is ready to judge the living and the dead. 6For this is why the gospel was preached even to those who are dead, that though judged in the flesh the way people are, they might live in the spirit the way God does.

7The end of all things is at hand; therefore be self-controlled and sober-minded for the sake of your prayers. 8Above all, keep loving one another earnestly, since love covers a multitude of sins.

Matthew 27:57–66

57When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. 58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud 60and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut in the rock. And he rolled a great stone to the entrance of the tomb and went away. 61Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the tomb.

62Next day, that is, after the day of Preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate 63and said, “Sir, we remember how that impostor said, while he was still alive, ‘After three days I will rise.’ 64Therefore order the tomb to be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples go and steal him away and tell the people, ‘He has risen from the dead,’ and the last fraud will be worse than the first.” 65Pilate said to them, “You have a guard of soldiers. Go, make it as secure as you can.” 66So they went and made the tomb secure by sealing the stone and setting a guard.

Readings for Easter Sunrise

Easter Sunrise (Year C)

Readings are from ESV

Collect of the Day

Almighty God, through Your only-begotten Son, Jesus Christ, You overcame death and opened to us the gate of everlasting life. We humbly pray that we may live before You in righteousness and purity forever; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Psalm 118:15–29

Job 19:23–27

23“Oh that my words were written! Oh that they were inscribed in a book! 24Oh that with an iron pen and lead they were engraved in the rock forever! 25For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last he will stand upon the earth. 26And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God, 27whom I shall see for myself, and my eyes shall behold, and not another. My heart faints within me!”

1 Corinthians 15:51–57

51Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, 52in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. 53For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and this mortal body must put on immortality. 54When the perishable puts on the imperishable, and the mortal puts on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written:

“Death is swallowed up in victory.” 55“O death, where is your victory? O death, where is your sting?”

56The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 57But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

John 20:1–18

1Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. 2So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him.” 3So Peter went out with the other disciple, and they were going toward the tomb. 4Both of them were running together, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5And stooping to look in, he saw the linen cloths lying there, but he did not go in. 6Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb. He saw the linen cloths lying there, 7and the face cloth, which had been on Jesus’ head, not lying with the linen cloths but folded up in a place by itself. 8Then the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went in, and he saw and believed; 9for as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that he must rise from the dead. 10Then the disciples went back to their homes.

11But Mary stood weeping outside the tomb, and as she wept she stooped to look into the tomb. 12And she saw two angels in white, sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one at the head and one at the feet. 13They said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “They have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid him.” 14Having said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing, but she did not know that it was Jesus. 15Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” Supposing him to be the gardener, she said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away.” 16Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to him in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher). 17Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brothers and say to them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’” 18Mary Magdalene went and announced to the disciples, “I have seen the Lord”—and that he had said these things to her.

Walther’s Theses on Ministry


Survey of Church History


The Blue Ribbon Task Force on Synod Structure and Governance Proposals for the 2010 Synodical Convention

The Blue Ribbon Task Force on Synod Structure and Governance Proposals for the 2010 Synodical Convention, From the Final Report (www.lcms.org)


Recommendation #1: Affirm and Clarify Governing Documents

Amplify, affirm, and clarify the Preamble of the Synod’s Constitution (Reasons for the Existence of a Synod), Article II (Confession), Article III (Mission and Purpose), Article VI (Requirements of Membership), and Article VII (Relation of Synod and Its Members).


Recommendation #2: Clarify the Congregational Principle

In order to advance Christ’s mission and clarify who we are by underscoring the essentially congregational character of the Synod, the role of the ordained and commissioned members (all associate members), and the participation of the laity in the life and work of the Synod, we recommend revising and clarifying Article V of the Synod’s Constitution into more contemporary and clarifying language. (Appendix 1, Pages 1.4 – 1.5, 1.12)


Recommendation #3: Restore Circuits to Their Primary Purpose

The task force recommends empowering the districts (they already have the responsibility of creating circuits) to consider not only geography as a criterion but also mission and demographic considerations to create these small ecclesial clusters of congregations for care, support, advice, ecclesiastical encouragement, service, coordination, and counsel toward the congregation’s participation in God’s mission. Because circuit counselors are the ecclesial extension of district presidents, the task force recommends that circuit counselors be nominated by district presidents in consultation with the respective district praesidium. The circuit forum (with an associate-member vote and a lay vote from each congregation of the circuit) shall elect the circuit counselor. These elections shall be ratified by the district convention, retaining the right to nominate from the floor. Due to the significant responsibilities borne by circuit counselors, retired pastors of the respective circuits are not only eligible but encouraged to offer themselves as candidates for this office.

The task force also recommends that regular circuit convocations, conferences, and forums be held to enable circuits to serve as local mission councils and as leadership avenues for in-depth study, influence, and persuasion by the Word of God. These gatherings would form the “grassroots” voice of the congregations, influencing the direction to be taken by the district and national Synod through overtures. This recommendation seeks to fully engage every congregation in the district. Circuits will no longer be used as “electoral groupings” unless a district so chooses. (See Recommendation #10)


Recommendation #4: Study Future District Configuration

The task force recommends that under convention-adopted criteria, the 2010 Synod convention direct the Synod President to convene a special task force to work in consultation with the Council of Presidents and the Synod’s Board of Directors to submit to the next Synod convention a recommendation with respect to the function, number, and configuration of districts, including the impact on funding the national Synod. The “Task Force On District Function, Number, and Configuration” should follow the direction given in Bylaw The recommendations should include a transition plan for any property and personnel changes.

The task force shall be made up of three district presidents appointed by the Council of Presidents, three members of the Synod’s Board of Directors appointed by the Synod’s Board of Directors, one member from the Commission on Constitutional Matters appointed by the Synod President, one member of the Commission on Structure appointed by the Synod President, the Chairman of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Synod Structure and Governance, the Chairman of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Funding the Mission (2006), three at-large lay members appointed by the Synod President, the Chief Financial Officer of the Synod, and the Chief Administrative Officer. The chairman of the task force shall be appointed by the Synod President.

Recommendation #5: Allow Commissioned Ministers to Serve as Voting Delegates at District Conventions

The task force recommends that every member congregation, regardless of size, shall be entitled to at least two voting representatives at district conventions. One of the voting delegates shall be a lay member of the congregation. The other voting delegate ordinarily (but not necessarily) will be a called pastor of the congregation, but also could be any associate member of the Synod who is a member of the congregation from which he or she is chosen. (See Recommendation #2 and Appendix 1, Page 1.69)

Recommendation #6: Establish Congregational Representation at District Conventions

Each member congregation involved in a multi-parish situation shall be represented by an associate member and lay member, with no associate member having more than one vote. Congregations with pastoral office vacancies shall be represented by the pastor called to provide vacancy/interim pastoral service or an associate member and the congregation’s lay representative(s). Again, no pastor or associate member shall have more than one vote at a convention. Congregations with more than 1,000 confirmed members shall be represented by two additional delegates, at least one being a layperson.

A limited number of non-voting special guests may be invited by a district president to attend one or more sessions of the convention, and also may be invited to speak to the convention on one or more issues. All associate members not having a vote may attend the convention and are eligible to have a voice. (Appendix 1, Pages 1.10 and 1.69)


Recommendation #7: Establish Five Geographical Regions in the Synod

Create five geographic regions within the Synod. As the districts are themselves reconfigured (Recommendation #4), these regions also may have to be reconfigured.

Recommendation #8: Nominate Part-Time Synod Vice Presidents from The Five Regions in the Synod

The congregations of each of the five regions within the Synod (Recommendation #7) shall nominate from their regions candidates for the position of part-time Synod vice president. From these nominations, the Synod in convention would elect a vice president from each region. (Appendix 1, Page 1.66 – 1.67)


Group 1: National Convention Recommendations

Recommendation #9: Amend the Frequency of District and National Conventions

District and national conventions shall be held in a four-year cycle

Year One: Circuits may hold theological convocations

Year Two: Districts shall hold theological convocations

Year Three: District conventions shall be held

Year Four: National Synod convention shall be held

Recommendation #10: District Conventions will Elect Delegates to the National Convention

From a pool of district convention voting delegates as the primary source, each district shall during its convention elect an appropriate number of delegates to represent its congregations at the next year’s national convention. Congregations are urged to send delegates to their respective district conventions who are willing and able to serve also as delegates to the national convention. Each district shall determine how its apportioned number of delegates will be elected according to proposed Bylaw (Appendix 1, Pages 1.23 – 1.27)

Recommendation #11: Fix the Number of National Delegates at 650

Set a fixed number of national convention delegates at 650. This smaller number of delegates (approximately half the current size) will engender a significant cost savings for the congregations of the Synod, enable delegates to be more deeply involved in the convention process, and allow adequate representation of the interests of the congregations at the national convention. Also, eliminate the category of “advisory delegates” to the national convention because all associate members will be allowed voice, vote, and representation through their congregations. The number of “non-voting representatives” will be determined by proposed Bylaw 3.1.2. (Appendix 1, Pages 1.23 and 1.27 – 1.29)

Recommendation #12: Establish Consistency in Terms of Office

All circuit, district, and national officers, as well as all board and commission members, shall be elected or appointed to four-year terms of office.

Recommendation #13: Increase Congregational Participation in the Election of

Synod President and First Vice President

All congregations shall participate not only in the nomination but also the election (first ballot) of the President of the Synod and in the nomination of the First Vice President. Also, steps should be taken to ensure that these two officers are complementary in their vision and goals for the church. (Appendix 1, Pages 1.63 – 1.66)

Recommendation #14: Ensure Regional Representation and Necessary Expertise Among the Members of the Synod‘s Board of Directors

The Synod’s Board of Directors shall be composed of 17 voting members:

· Five laypersons (one elected from each of the five regions)

· Five ordained ministers (one elected from each of the five regions)

· One commissioned minister elected at-large

· The Synod President

· Five at-large laypersons appointed by the elected Board of Directors members to

· obtain needed additional skill sets (legal, finance, investment, administration,


No two persons from any one category above shall be from the same district. The First Vice President, Secretary of the Synod, and Chief Financial Officer shall be non-voting members of the Board of Directors.

Recommendation #15: Implement a Process for Developing Quadrennial Synod Priorities and Goals

The church shall adopt a process for identifying Synod-wide mission and ministry emphases on a cycle consistent with the national convention schedule. LCMS ministries—congregations, schools, and agencies—will be encouraged to embrace the mission and ministry emphases between conventions by developing individual ministry goals that can be carried out by each entity. The mission and ministry emphases will provide a common focus for the entire LCMS as we engage in ministry together.

Recommendation #16: Give Priority to Circuit and District Overtures

Congregations are encouraged to submit overtures to their district conventions through circuit forums and to the national convention through their district conventions. Although all submitted overtures shall still be considered, resolutions from circuit forums and district conventions will receive priority at district and national conventions, respectively.

Recommendation #17: Emphasize the Importance of Doctrinal Resolutions and Doctrinal Statements

Doctrinal resolutions of special significance and doctrinal statements will require a two-thirds vote at Synod conventions.

Group 2: National Structure Recommendations

Recommendation #18: Realign the National Synod Ministries around Two Mission Commissions

The national Synod shall be realigned around two mission commissions:

· Commission on International Mission

· Commission on National Mission

Under this realignment, several areas of responsibility that currently are managed from the national office shall be transferred to the Synod’s districts and/or other entities.

Group 3: National Issue Recommendations

Recommendation #19: Clarify the Priority of the Constitution over the Bylaws

Add the following language, which shall be enumerated under Article XIV, to the Synod’s Constitution in order to clarify that the Constitution controls and supersedes the Bylaws and all other rules or regulations of the Synod.

Proposed language: Article XIV: “The Synod in convention may adopt Bylaws that are consistent with and do not contradict the Constitution of the Synod, which controls and supersedes the Bylaws and all other rules or regulations of the Synod. Bylaws, which may be adopted, revised, or eliminated by a simple majority vote of a national convention, are binding regulations for the Synod and its conduct and governance.” (Appendix 1, Page 1.11)

Recommendation #20: Adopt a Process Leading to the Renaming of the Synod

For the sake of confessional mission to an unchurched society, the Synod shall be renamed. Previous studies of this matter will continue to provide guidance as we move to reach consensus regarding a name that best serves the Synod’s mission and ministry.

Recommendation #21: Urge the Continued Study of Pastoral Certification/Continuing Education

The 2010 Synod convention shall mandate the Council of Presidents and the administration and faculties of the Synod’s seminaries to continue to study how best to certify clergy and hold them accountable for a reasonable lifetime of continuing professional education.

What About Lutheran Worship?

What AboutLutheranWorship.paper.pdf

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