Before breathing His last, Jesus declared, It is finished! It was for no small reason that Jesus spoke thus. By these words, Jesus testified to His completed work for your salvation. It was not on the day of Easter, the day that our Lord resurrected bodily, that sin and death were put to an end. It was the day He died that sin too had died and death had lost its eternal hold. For this reason, the unforgetful words of our Lord, It is finished! bring comfort and consolation to hearts troubled by sin and burdened by its effects.
Through His suffering and death, Christ brought about that peace with God that surpasses all human understanding. He is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29, 36). The price for that peace, the cost for that sin being taken away, was His blood. It is as we confess in the Apostles’ Creed, that Christ ‘redeemed me, a lost and condemned creature, that He purchased and won from sin, death, and the power of the devil, not with gold or silver, but with His holy precious blood and with His innocent suffering and death’ (Meaning to the 2nd Article of the Apostles’ Creed).
The Jesus of the Bible was not an unbloody Jesus. He shed His own blood, not for Himself, but for you. The servant of Isaiah chapter 52 & 53 is truly the servant of the Most High God, but He is the suffering servant, whom we esteem as stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.
Instead of the crown of kings, the Christ of God received a crown of thorns. Instead of the honor due His name, the Son of the Living God was mocked and blasphemed. Though His Words and works gave witness to His true identity, still did they crucify Him.
Though Jesus endured such hostilities, though He died at the hands of sinful men, though His life ended just after His last words that still echo in the ears, It is finished! He surrendered Himself to death and permitted Himself to be crucified.
Jesus did not say what He said because His suffering in this world had ended. Jesus did not do what He did because He was sinful from birth and in need of a savior. Jesus did not give Himself over to suffer and die to save Himself.
Jesus said what He said as a clear witness and testimony to all creation that His work of redemption for all people, here and there, near and far, at home and abroad, was now accomplished. All the work that His Heavenly Father had given Him to do was now done. There is nothing more to be done. There is nothing undone that Jesus hasn’t fulfilled for your salvation. There is nothing to add to, and nothing to take away from what the Lord Christ had completed in death – for you.
The penalty for your sin and justice for your guilt was laid upon Him who knew no sin. The holy One became the unholy. The righteous One became the unrighteous. The sinless became the sinner. In your place and as your substitute, the Passover Lamb Christ Jesus was slain.
Willingly our Savior endured the cross, even scorning its shame. He was wounded for your transgressions, bruised for your iniquities, the chastisement of your peace was upon Him, and by His stripes you are healed (Isaiah 53:5).
This despised and rejected Jesus of Nazareth, this One called King of the Jews, who hung on a cross, is the only hope for our dying world, for sinful people, and for Christ’s church.
Whatever you would add or subtract from His work is all for nothing. The sacrifice of God’s Son is sufficient satisfaction and compensation for all sin, whether it be the sin of the most pious saint or the sin of the most wretched sinner. It makes no difference, for there is no partiality with God. He shows no favoritism to anyone.
This is good news for all who sorrow over their sin, grieve because of their unrighteousness, and despair over themselves. The first-born Son of God reconciled you to His Father. He who is the way, the truth, and the life placated God’s wrath by means of humility, suffering, and death (John 14:6).
Christ the Messiah came to fulfill all that was spoken of Him. He was the suffering servant of the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 52-53), the Psalmist calling out, My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me? (Psalm 22), and the seed of the woman crushing the serpents head (Genesis). He came to fulfill all righteousness and willingly obeyed His Father in every respect. He was the Servant of servants and the Slave of slaves to free both you and me and all the world by condemning sin with His flesh in death and doing the work which we could not. This He has completed. All is done. It is finished.
In Christ the crucified, all requirements for your salvation are complete. He is your perfection before God. He is your righteousness before the Father. He is your peace before the Just Judge. Through His suffering and death, by His work of righteousness upon the land, on account of His faithful and perfect obedience to His Father, He fulfilled all the requirements of the law in your place and died your death, that you would live in Him and with Him for all eternity. In Christ Jesus, it is truly finished! All is accounted for, and through His death, you now have life.
This is how to see Christ’s death rightly: not that he was merely one who died who should not have, not simply having pity toward the one who got what He Himself did not deserve, and not casting blame only on others, like the Jews or the Romans. The Jewish religious leaders certainly called for His death. The Romans did put Him to death by execution.
Christ was there for you. For your sins He died. Seeing Christ’s death rightly is believing that Christ died in your place, that you deserved all that He got, but that He took your place, even in death, so that you have life, and that you no longer be ruled by sin and its evil desires, but look to Him for help and salvation.
Christ’s death means your life, free from sin and death. By Christ’s death, your sin too is dead. Having been baptized into the Name of Christ, you have been baptized into Christ’s death (Romans 6). This means that you are now dead to sin, but alive to God, even as St. Paul writes, If Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness (Romans 8:10). There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death (Romans 8:1-2).
Though this night be one of sorrow, sorrow for the death of Christ, more is it to be one of sorrow over your sins for which our Savior died. On the way to the cross, some women had cried out after Jesus. They were weeping in sorrow for what was coming upon Him. But to them He said, Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children (Luke 23:28). Jesus says the same to you. Do not weep for Him. Weep for yourselves and for your own sins.
On the cross you see where you should be, what should come to you. Only for God’s grace are you not there, for Christ was.
The little suffering you find in this life is no comparison to Christ’s. If He suffered so much for us willingly, can you not do the same? The problem is that you don’t see Christ’s suffering and death rightly. You believe our own trials and tribulations to be the greater. If you did see them rightly, you would cling all the more firmly to Christ and see in Him your only help and salvation.
To this end the Lord would preserve you. He directs you to view the suffering and death of His Son as your own. In this way, you see rightly what Christ endured, that all is indeed finished. Your sin is done away with. It is no more. In Christ, all is truly finished. In Christ, your salvation is won. Amen.