36[Jesus said:] “Concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only. 37As were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 38For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, 39and they were unaware until the flood came and swept them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 40Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and one left. 41Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one left. 42Therefore, stay awake, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming. 43But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into. 44Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect. (Matthew 24:36-44)
Today’s text from St. Matthew gives us opportunity to talk about such things the when of our Lord’s Coming, and to clarify what God reveals from what He has not.
As to the when of Christ’s Advent, Jesus doesn’t give us the time or day when He will return. But this hasn’t stopped some from trying.
1843/1844: Mr. Miller (Adventist movement) Mr. Miller, from whom the Adventist movement originated, calculated the date of 1843 or 1844, when the “cleansing of the entire earth” would take place.
1847: Charles Russell (Jehovah’s Witnesses); Charles T. Russell, influenced by the Adventists, calculated the date of 1847 as the date which Christ invisibly returned.
2011 (May 21 & October 21): Harold Camping; Predicted Jesus’ return and the rapture (May); the final destruction of the world (October)
The belief that Christ’s return can be “fixed with actual definiteness” is foolishness and contrary to God’s Word. In other places, too, in addition to today’s Gospel reading, does the Lord indicate this truth (i.e. Christ’s Ascension, Acts 1; Mark 1:15; 13:33ff; John 7:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; James 4:13-16; 2 Peter 3:10)
1 Thessalonians 5:2 “For you yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night.”
And, from today’s Gospel, Matthew 24: 37-39 “37As were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 38For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, 39and they were unaware until the flood came and swept them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.”
Our Lord binds us to His Word and to nowhere else. In this Word, He reveals Jesus—the Word become flesh (John 1:14)—to be our Savior. God doesn’t answer all of our questions or satisfy our curiosity, but what He does give us is sufficient for our salvation.
Let the Words of the Lord stand on their own. Do not add to them or subtract from them. Doing either is to make yourself the master of the Biblical text and the Biblical text your servant (see Proverbs 30:5-6; Revelation 22:18-19).
This is nothing but usurping God and His Word according to arrogance and pride. It is presumptuous of sinners to think that they know better than God Himself, or to think that they can figure out knowledge that God has denied us, like the particular day of Christ’s coming.
St. Paul writes, “We then, as workers together with Him also plead with you not to receive the grace of God in vain. For He says: “In an acceptable time I have heard you, And in the day of salvation I have helped you.” Behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation” (2 Corinthians 6:1-2).
We ought not be like the five foolish virgins who did not have enough oil when the bridegroom arrived (Matthew 25:2). Nor ought we to be as those who squander what they’ve been given because of false notion that things will always remain as they are. A day of reckoning is soon approaching, and woe to those who aren’t prepared for it, who procrastinate in their belief that they have time to spare, that God’s Word can wait, and that when the day does arrive, they’ll prepare what needs to be done.
So our Lord says, “43But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into. 44Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”
How easy it would be if the Lord did give us the time and the date of His arrival. Like the approaching day of Christmas, we could buy gifts for Him, put on our best behavior, set everything in order.
If we knew the when of Christ’s return, we could really put on our Sunday best, reconcile with our enemies and those who trouble us and those by whom we are troubled. We could forgive others their debts and sins against us, give up our grudges and discontentments before He comes, because we would know when the Lord is coming.
We could do good to others, without any hope for thanks or appreciation in return, and be content with the promises of our Lord. We could do what is right and not worry about what the result might or might not be, because we would know that the result of Christ’s death, our sins taken care of, means eternal life, which we would enjoy first hand at the return of the Lord. We would know that the troubles in this life are almost done and nothing but joy and bliss and heaven await us.
If we only knew…If we only knew, we could be really ready, at just the right time before He comes, believing the Lord’s Word and following His Word, trusting in His promises, and taking seriously His Word before it is too late. If we only knew…
The thing is, we do know – not the exact time, but how the Lord would have us be even now.
We have Jesus’ Word, that we be ready now, today. He is coming, at an hour and in a day which we do not expect.
God is the kind of God that speaks to you in your ears that you hear and trust His Word to you as He speaks it. He speaks to you of your distractions from hearing His Word and following what He says that you turn from these things and look to Jesus for mercy and help and hope. He reveals to you your sin that you see clearly your Savior, He who is coming again, that you be ready and waiting when He does return.
Therefore, arise from your sleep and your slumber, your laziness and your misguided assumptions. “Lift up your heads.” Your “redemption” is drawing nigh (Psalm 24:7, 9; Luke 21:28). Believe now what your Lord says. Take His Word preached to you and spoken to you as from God Himself. Don’t doubt, but take it to heart. Take Him at His Word—at this moment—and everyday of your life.
Do not doubt the Lord’s kindness to you in Jesus Christ, who on the cross shed His blood in sacrifice for you that you be found clean before the Father. Hold as your own the forgiveness of your sins given to you in the bread and wine of the Lord’s Supper, for there, Christ gives His true body and His true blood for you to eat and to drink for your salvation.
“Confession has two parts. First, that we confess our sins, and second, that we receive absolution, that is, forgiveness, from the pastor as from God Himself, not doubting, but firmly believing that by it our sins are forgiven before God in heaven.”
On the cross, Jesus finished all that was needed for your salvation, and in Him, you are ready for His return. Being baptized into the Name of the Triune God and believing His grace to you by such means as water and word, you are His, having been washed clean of all your sin.
Having been baptized, no longer live for yourselves, but to God—and for others, thinking not first for yourselves, but the needs of your neighbor. Love God and love your neighbor, attend to what the Lord says and serve those in need around you. Don’t wait for a better time. Do it now. Don’t wait for a later time to do what is to be done today, but do it today, while it’s still today and before the night comes (John 9:5).
Being ready for the Lord’s return does not mean doing all the right things, but believing rightly, believing rightly in Him who alone saves you from your distractions and procrastinations, from the world’s pull, and from your fleshly wants and desires. Being ready has to do with believing He who did all the right things for you that you live, and that none of your wrong things can separate you from God (Romans 8). Thus being reading and prepared, so you will be busy and active in love, waiting expectantly for the Lord’s return.
Being ready doesn’t mean neglecting what God would have you do, but doing it all the more zealously (2 Peter 3:10-15).
Being ready, being prepared, being watchful for the Lord’s return means being in the state of readiness, like the soldier on the battlefield or the sprinter ready to run or the family waiting for the guests to arrive at any time.
Being vigilant for the Lord’s return means being serious about the Word of our Lord, clinging to Christ and Him alone for salvation, and believing God’s promises and the gifts God gives to you in Word and Sacrament. Being ready, being in the state of readiness, has to do with resting and taking comfort in Him who is coming again, and what is ours because of Him:
We should learn to bring our eyes, our hearts, and souls to bear upon yonder life in heaven and in a lively hope await it with joy. For if we would be Christians, the ultimate objects of our quest should not be marrying, giving in marriage, buying, selling, planting, building—activities that Christ says (Matt. 24:37ff; Luke 17:26ff.) the wicked will be engaged in especially before the Last Day. To be sure, we, too, must use these things in order to satisfy the needs of the body. But our ultimate quest should be something better and higher: the blessed inheritance in heaven that does not pass away.
 J.L. Neve, Churches and Sects of Christendom, (Blaire, Nebraska: Lutheran Publishing House, 1944), 461.
 F.E. Mayer, Religious Bodies of America, (St. Louis: CPH, 1961), 474.
 Ewald Plass, What Luther Says, (St. Louis: CPH, 1959), 619.
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